Lower or Kvemo Kartli is located in southeastern Georgia and borders the Samtskhe–Javakheti, Shida/Inner Kartli, Mtskheta–Mtianeti and Kakheti provinces, Armenia and Azerbaijan, shares a border with the Trialeti, Javakheti and Bambak-Erevani Mountain ranges. The regional capital is the city of Rustavi. The whole area is 6.528 sq.km with mixed population (508.400) of Azeris and Georgians. The main towns are Bolnisi, Gardabani, Dmanisi, Tetri Tskaro, Marneuli, Tsalka. The capital of Georgia, Tbilisi, is located in Lower Kartli.
The landscape is of largely steppe and forested steppe, semi-deserts in the lowlands. The biggest rivers are the Mtkvari, Khrami, Algeti, some volcanic lakes in the areas of Sarkinet-Gomareti, Ozormani, Kamarlo. The mud of Lake Kumisi is used for curative purposes in Georgian spas ans resorts.
The climate is moist and subtropical. The average annual temperature does not reach above 6 degrees. In the Tsalka region the climate is similar to dry, while in the Javakheti mountain range, the climate enjoys moderate levels of precipitation with the average temperature 3-12 degrees.